McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Formula One builder and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fabricator, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The team is the 2nd earliest active, and second most successful Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Champions and eight Constructors' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the group to their very first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project 4 Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take full control of the group. This started the team's most effective age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took 6 Builders' Champions. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams offered the most constant difficulty during this period, the two winning every builders' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika HÃ¤kkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually Article source won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when group owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars.